新概念英语第二册34:Quick work

栏目:新概念英语第二册 作者:英语时代 评论:0 点击: 12,981 次 --- 双击或拖动可划词翻译哦

一、听力希望同学们先结合词汇仔细听音频哦,听多几遍到听懂为止

听录音,然后回答以下问题。

How long had the police taken to find his bicycle?

二、本课重要词汇

station n. (警察)局

most adv. 相当,非常

三、原文

Dan Robinson has been worried all week. Last Tuesday he received a letter from the local police. In the letter he was asked to call at the station. Dan wondered why he was wanted by the police, but he went to the station yesterday and now he is not worried anymore. At the station, he was told by a smiling policeman that his bicycle had been found. Five days ago, the policeman told him, the bicycle was picked up in a small village four hundred miles away. It is now being sent to his home by train. Dan was most surprised when he heard the news. He was amused too, because he never expected the bicycle to be found. It was stolen twenty years ago when Dan was a boy of fifteen!

四、译文

丹.鲁宾逊焦虑了整整一个星期。上星期二他收到当地警察局的一封信,要他到警察局去一趟。丹奇怪警察为什么找他,但昨天还是去了,结果他一再担心了。在警 察局里,一位面带笑容的警察告诉他,他的自行车找到了。那位警察对他说,那辆自行车是5天前在400英里外的一个小村里发现的,现在正用火车给他运回家 来。丹听到这个消息后,惊奇万分,但又感到非常好笑,因为他从未指望那辆自行车还能找到。这是20年前丹还是一个15岁的孩子时被人偷走的!

五、本课视频详解

六、本课重要知识点

1.Dan Robinson has been worried all week.
丹·鲁宾逊焦虑了整整一个星期。

worried 在这里可以当成是形容词,表示“焦虑的”、“担心的”。worry 也可以作及物动词,表示“使担心/发愁”等:
She appears to be worried by/ about something.
好像有什么事使她发愁。(用于被动语态时,过去分词与形容词意义差不多)

2.the local police
当地警察局

local 可以表示“地方性的”或“当地的”、“本地的”:
a local newspaper
地方性报纸

local shops
邻近的商店

3.Dan wondered why he was wanted by the police…
丹奇怪警察为什么找他……

(1)wonder表示“想知道”时后面往往跟疑问词引导的从句:
She wondered who that man was/ what had happened.
她想知道那个人是谁/到底发生了什么事。

(2)want用于被动语态时可以表示“想与(某人见面、谈话等)”或“缉拿“、“追捕”:
Please wait a minute. I'm wanted on the phone.
请等一下。有我的电话。

This is the man (who is) wanted by the police.
这就是警察在追捕的那个人。

4.a smiling policeman
一位面带笑容的警察

smiling 为现在分词,作定语,其作用相当于形容词。还可以说:
a sleeping dog
一只睡着的狗

a worried face
一张焦虑的脸

5.Five days ago, the policeman told him, the bicycle was picked up in a small village four hundred miles away.
那位警察对他说,那辆自行车是5天前在400英里外的一个小村里发现的。

(1)这句话实际上是一个间接引语(cf.第15课语法),其正常语序应为:The policeman told him that five days ago the bicycle was picked up… 语序变化后,the policeman told him成了插入成分,引导从句的that也被省略,引述的部分被分割成两部分。

(2)four hundred miles away修饰 village,相当于从句 which was four hundred miles away。

(3)pick up的含义之一为“(偶然地、无意地)获得”、“找到”、“学会”:
I've picked up a bad cold.
我得了重感冒。

I picked up some French while travelling in Paris.
在巴黎游览期间我学了几句法语。

He picked up the book in a small library.
他在一个小图书馆发现了那本书。

6.It is now being sent to his home by train.
现在正用火车给他运回家来。

这句话是被动语态用于现在进行时,其结构为“am/is/are+ be-ing+过去分词"(cf.第10课语法):
The clavichord is being repaired by a friend of my father's.
父亲的一个朋友正在修理这架古钢琴。

七、本课语法详解

被动语态

在第10课的语法中,我们学习了被动语态的基本形式。一般说来,无论是主动语态还是被动语态,句子的主语往往是说话者认为比较重要或想要强调的。如果说话人想避免用不明确的词(如 someone, a person等)作主语,就常常使用被动语态。在“动词+宾语+不定式”结构中,既可以让动词用被动语态而不定式用主动语态,也可以让不定式用被动语态:

Someone told Mary to meet us.
有人通知玛丽来接我们。(主语不明确)

八、练习答案

1.关键句型练习答案
A
1 Dan Robinson has been worried all the week.

2 Dan was asked to call at the local police station.

3 Dan wondered why he was wanted by the police.

4 Dan was told at the station that his bicycle had been found.

5 Dan's bicycle was picked up in a small village four hundred miles away.

6 The bicycle is being sent to Dan's home.

7 Dan was surprised and amused when he heard the news.

8 Dan was amused because he never expected the bicycle tobe found.

9 The bicycle was stolen twenty years ago.

2.难点练习答案
1 on     2 off     3 out      4 at

3.多项选择题答案
1d 2a     3b 4c        5a 6d
7c 8b     9c 10b      11c 12a



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